Moving abroad can be an exciting and enriching experience, but it can also come with its challenges. One of these challenges is building credit in a new country.
Your credit score is a number that represents your creditworthiness, or how likely you are to repay your debts. Lenders use it to determine whether to approve your loan applications and at what interest rate. A high credit score can make it easier for you to borrow money and get lower interest rates, while a low credit score can make it more difficult and more expensive to borrow money.
Building credit in a new country can be challenging because you may not have a credit history there. This can make it difficult for lenders to determine your creditworthiness, and you may have trouble getting approved for loans or credit cards. However, there are steps you can take to build credit in your new country and improve your credit score.
Check your credit score and credit report.
Before you move abroad, it's a good idea to check your credit score and credit report to get an idea of where you stand. This will give you a baseline to work from and will help you identify any potential issues that you need to address before you leave. Inform your credit card issuer of your move. It's important to let your credit card issuer know that you're moving abroad. This will help prevent your accounts from being frozen or cancelled because of suspicious activity since you may use your existing cards pending when you open a bank account.
Open a local bank account
One of the first things to do once you move is to open a local bank account and apply for a credit card. This can be a good way to build credit in your new country because credit card companies will report your payment history to the credit bureaus. Make sure to pay your credit card bills on time and in full each month to avoid damaging your credit score.
Apply for a secured credit card
Another option is to apply for a secured credit card. This is a type of credit card that is backed by a deposit you make with the credit card company. The deposit acts as collateral for the credit card, and it is typically equal to your credit limit. This can be a good option for people who have no credit history or a low credit score because it is easier to get approved for a secured credit card than an unsecured credit card.
Keep your credit utilization low
Once you have a credit card, the next step is to use it responsibly. This means making your payments on time and keeping your credit utilization low. Credit utilization is the amount of credit you use compared to the amount of credit available to you. It's recommended to keep your credit utilization below 30% to maintain a good credit score. For example, if your credit limit is $1000, you should keep your outstanding balance below $300
Monitor your credit score and report regularly
Besides using your credit card responsibly, it's also important to monitor your credit score and report regularly. In most countries, you can get a free copy of your credit report from the major credit bureaus once a year. Be sure to review your credit report carefully and look for any errors or mistakes. If you spot any errors, be sure to dispute them with the credit bureau right away.
You can also build credit by making other types of payments that are reported to the credit bureaus. For example, you can sign up for utilities, such as electricity and gas, in your name and make sure to pay your bills on time. Some landlords may also report your rental payments to the credit bureaus, so you can try to negotiate with your landlord to have your rent payments reported.
Another option is to become an authorized user on someone else's credit card. This means that the primary cardholder adds you as an authorized user.
If you're having trouble getting approved for a credit card, consider a credit-builder loan. These loans are designed to help people build credit by providing them with a small loan that they can use to make regular payments over time.
Remember, building credit in a new country takes time and effort, but it can be done. By following these steps and using credit responsibly, you can build a strong credit history in your new country.